The CEBC experts have selected some recent publications on clean energy in MENA for you. This list is regularly updated. If there is a report you would like to see featured here, please contact us.
The transition to efficient lighting in the Middle East and North Africa, Draft prepared by Prof. Ibrahim Abdel Gelil, Sept 2011
On 30 September 2011, government representatives from 16 countries from the Middle East and North Africa voiced their support for the phase-out of incandescent light bulbs. Such a move could save the region an estimated US$3 billion a year in energy costs. Participants at the UNEP/GEF en.lighten regional workshop agreed that the phase-out of incandescent lamps is one of the easiest ways to reduce CO2 emissions and achieve significant energy and financial savings. All governments support an integrated transition to efficient lighting which includes policies and procedures to address all aspects of replacement products and practices, including sound disposal and recycling.
The report provides case studies of four major electricity-consuming countries (Egypt, Iran, Turkey and Saudi Arabia) as well as Lebanon, Morocco and Tunisia, who have a very aggressive current program to promote CFLs.
Full draft report (50 pages): download here.
The final report will be developed end of 2011, based on the comments and contributions from countries and organisations.
Deloitte, Energy on demand: the future of GCC energy efficiency, 2011
This fourth whitepaper tackles the topic of 'Energy Efficiency', which revolves around reducing energy waste: this can be both on the demand side through power demand management and on the supply side using a host of technologies to improve efficiency in power generation and distribution. So how do the GCC countries stand in relation to these perspectives? Are there potential gains from using or producing energy more efficiently?
To know more, you can download the whitepaper here
REN21, Renewables Global Status Report, 2011
The Renewables Global Status Report provides an integrated perspective on the global renewable energy situation. Since the first Global Status Report was produced six years ago, the analysis has become the most frequently referenced report on renewable energy business and policy, serving a wide range of audiences from investors and government decision makers to students, project developers, researchers, and industrial manufacturers.
It provides testimony of the undeterred growth of electricity, heat, and fuel production capacities from renewable energy sources, including solar PV, wind power, solar hot water/heating, biofuels, hydropower, and geothermal.
In July 2011, the Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN21) released the Renewables 2011 Global Status Report (GSR 2011), the sixth in an annual series. The report gives readers an integrated perspective on the global renewable energy situation. It is the product of an international team of over 150 researchers, contributors, and reviewers from both industrialized and developing countries. It draws on wide-ranging information and expertise, ensuring transparency and peer-reviewed accuracy.
Booz & Co, A New Source of Power. The Potential for Renewable Energy in the MENA Region, 2010
The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region has an opportunity to reinvent its energy sector and even its countries’ overall economies. Recent developments in renewable energy, combined with the region’s latent potential in wind and solar power, could create significant advantage for those countries that move decisively to capitalize on them. As renewable energy approaches cost parity with conventional sources, the MENA region could reap its numerous benefits: decreased pollution levels; reduced carbon emissions; better leverage of oil and gas resources for export or higher-value industries such as petrochemicals; and the creation of new, skilled-labor jobs.
To develop a viable renewable energy sector, regional governments will need to take a number of critical steps:
- Develop a renewable energy strategy that positions the sector as a key element of the overall energy strategy
- Put in place an adequate institutional setting at the government level
- Develop a favorable policy and regulatory framework to promote the development and use of renewable energy
- Enable technical grid integration
- Develop long-term capabilities and a deep talent pool
The competitive landscape in the renewable energy sector is still evolving. Those countries that act quickly at this stage could eventually become the sector’s world leaders.
Full report (28 pages): Download here.
Authority for Electricity Regulation: Study on Renewable Energy Resources - 2008, Oman
This report is a comprehensive study on the potential of renewable energy in the Sultanate of Oman. The Consultants were required to look at all technologies as well as review incentives being used around the region that might be relevant for Oman.
Full report (207 pages): Download here.
Worldbank and ESMAR, Middle East and North African Region Assessment of the local manufacturing potential for CSP projects,
The Middle East & North Africa (MENA) region has amongst the world's best conditions for concentrated solar power (CSP): abundant sunshine, low precipitation, plenty of unused flat land close to road networks and transmission grids. It is also close to Europe, where green electricity is much valued.
However, high initial capital costs remain a significant issue for adoption of CSP technology. To make CSP projects in MENA cost effective in the short to medium term, a combination of factors is necessary, including local incentives, concessional finance and export of green electricity to Europe.
In the longer term, to make concessional finance less critical, generation costs will need to be dramatically lower. This implies that investment costs, and therefore manufacturing costs of the main components and systems, need to decrease. It will be made possible by a combination of technical innovation, economies of scale, and experience curve effect.
To assess the local manufacturing potential for CSP components in the MENA region, a study was commissioned by the World Bank with donor support from the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP). It was carried out during the year 2010 by Ernst & Young (France) and the Fraunhofer Institute (Germany). A stakeholder workshop was conducted on September 30th, 2010, in Cairo, and feedback was received from the client countries, industry participants and donors. The AfDB and World Bank teams actively participated in the review and finalization of the study.
Summary (8 pages): download here
Full report (223 pages): download here
KAUST, Saudi Arabia Solar Energy Study – manufacturing and technology assessment 2009
Motivated by the need to diversify the Kingdom’s Economy, as well as the various perspectives being offered by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), this study aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the opportunities that solar energy offers to the Kingdom, especially regarding manufacturing and research activities
Full report (178 pages): download here
International Energy Agency, Technology Roadmap, Concentrating Solar Power, 2010
This concentrating solar power roadmap is part of a series being developed by the IEA in response to the pressing need to accelerate the development of advanced energy technologies to address the global challenges of clean energy, climate change and sustainable development. To achieve this ambitious goal, the IEA has undertaken, under international guidance and in close consultation with industry, to develop a series of global roadmaps covering 19 technologies. These are evenly divided among demand-side and supply-side technologies.
The overall aim of these roadmaps is to demonstrate the critical role of energy technologies in achieving the stated goal of halving energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by 2050. The roadmaps will enable governments, industry and financial partners to identify the practical steps they can take to participate fully in the collective effort required.
The overall aim of this CSP roadmap is to identify actions required – on the part of all stakeholders – to accelerate CSP deployment globally.
Full report (49 pages): download here
Bloomberg New Energy Finance, White Paper, Sun sets on oils for Gulf power generation, 2011
The Gulf Region has some of the world’s best solar resources. However, government in the region have historically valued oil and gas at cost and have provided their populations with subsidized electricity, two factors which have impeded the development of renewable energy. This study shows that falling costs of photovoltaic (PV) technology mean that solar energy is already a viable option for power generation in the region where it can be used to replace the burning of oil for power generation, as long as that oil is valued at the international selling price.
Full Report (9 pages): download here
Global Wind Energy Council, Global Wind Report - Annual Market Update 2010, March 2011
GWEC's annual report is the authoritative source of information on wind power markets around the world. The Global Wind 2010 Report contains installation figures for over 70 countries for the 2010 record year, as well as a five-year forecast up to 2015 and detailed chapters on the key countries. MENA countries covered in the report are: Egypt, Iran and Morocco
Full report (72 pages):download here
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